خبرگزاری مهر گزارش داد: نشلج؛ نگینی محصور شده در کوههای کاشان

Nashalj Village: Jewel of Kashan

Nashalj Village is one of the tourism attractions of Kashan which, due to its unique texture, mild climatic conditions, snowy winter and cool summers, shines like a jewel.
The root of the word Nashalj is “Noh Salj”, which means there is cold weather in the village for nine months.
Located 43 km southwest of Kashan, the natural beauties of the village, along with its high security against the attack of thieves, attracted people to this area, Mehr News Agency reported.
Characteristics
The village is located on the northern slope and has beautiful buildings in terms of texture and architectural style. The ceiling of each house is the courtyard of another house.
Buildings in the village reveal that its residents made optimum use of climatic and geographical conditions. The presence of two bathhouses in the village indicates the attention of residents toward health and cleanliness.
Water canals exceeding 2,500 meters hint at the firm will of the people to live in the village. Due to the village’s geographical position (suitable soil, water and weather), farmers are active in the field of horticulture.
There are five water reservoirs in the village, the historical precedence of some dates back to the Safavid era.
Given the average rainfall of 200 mm per year, the village is a suitable place for growing sweet-scented Mohammadi rose. The village is famous for its rosewater.
Poetry written by Bahram Nashalji about 700 years ago shows that the culture of friendship prevailed in the village.
History of Kashan
Since ancient times, Kashan has been one of the historical and industrial regions, and among the centers of civilization and knowledge in Iran.
The ancient land, with a civilization dating over 7,000 years, is situated in central Iran and lies 230 km south of Tehran and 210 km north of Isfahan.
In addition to many universities, Kashan has factories producing textiles, carpets, porcelain, tiles, ceramic, rosewater, herbal distillation and essences.
Kashan is surrounded by Iran’s central mountain range in the south and west. Although its summer is hot, towns like Natanz, Qamsar, Qahroud, Niasar and Nashalj have a moderate and pleasing climate.
As we go closer to the central desert, sandy hills and high grounds from the north and east, the climate becomes hot and dry.
Kashan is well known for its natural and historical attractions, including Aran-o-Bidgol, Noushabad, and Abuzeidabad.
The annual precipitation of Kashan is about 135 mm and in hot summer days the weather in tropical zones and inside the city exceeds 40 degrees centigrade.
Landmarks
Kashan boasts of historical passageways, markets, mosques, shrines and beautiful houses. It has one of the world’s largest roofed markets in the world.
Many buildings from different historical periods, including the Emadi Mosque from the Ilkhan-Timurid dynasty, the school of Imam, the arcade of Amin and the Bath of Khan, are located near Kashan’s bazaar.
The unique and magnificent Agha Bozorg Mosque situated in Fazel Naraqi Street and the collection of historical houses on Alavi Street are excellent examples of Iranian houses. Among them, the house of Boroujerdian has a worldwide fame, along with the houses of Tabatabaei, Abbasian and Ameriha, as well as the shrine and bath of Sultan Mir Ahmad.
Their remarkable architectural diversity astonishes every visitor.
At the end of the Alavi Street, the Jalali Castle and fort of the city, which belong to the Seljuk period, along with the beautiful ice-houses, lend a particular grandeur to the city.
Many historical houses of the city have been repaired and renovated.
From among the prominent shrines of Kashan, one can refer to the shrine of Habib Mousa situated on Imam Street, which is also the burial place of Shah Abbas, the tomb of Abu Lo’lo pertaining to the Iranian Abu Lo’lo Firoz, the assailant who attacked second caliph, and the shrine of Prince Ebrahim on Amir Kabir Street, the shrines of Ghazi Asad, Taher and Mansour, Sultan Atabakhsh and Mir Neshane.
Famous Literati
Kashan is also renowned because of its personalities in the fields of literature and poetry. Notable among them are Abu Reza Ravandi (Seljukian), Molla Mohsen Kashi (Ilkhanian), Mohtasham Kashani--the writer of the famous strophe-poem about the tragedy of Karbala--and Kalim Kashani (Safavid), Sabahi Bidgoli and Fathali Khan Saba (Qajar), Nezam Vafa Arani, Moshfeq Kashani, Sepideh Kashani and the modernist poet of Iran, Sohrab Sepehri.
Today, about 200 extant poetical works in the form of handwritten and printed manuscripts have been produced by Kashanian poets. Hundreds of other poets have also hailed from this city in different periods.

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